Over an indefinite period of time, a wide variety of unique Indian cultures and nations developed and prospered across most of North America, including all of Canada. Convincing evidence exists that near the end of the 11th century, Leif Ericson, a seafaring Viking from Scandinavia, traversed the frigid waters of the North Atlantic Ocean and established a small settlement named Vinland along the coast of Newfoundland; it was eventually abandoned. News of this bountiful land soon spread across Europe, and in the years that followed, European fishing vessels regularly harvested the coastal waters.
By total area water as well as landthe United States is either slightly larger or smaller than the People's Republic of Chinamaking it the world's third or fourth largest country. China and the United States are smaller than Russia and Canada in total area, but are larger than Brazil.
By land area only exclusive of watersthe United States is the world's third largest country, after Russia and China, with Canada in fourth.
Whether the US or China is the third largest country by total area depends on two factors: Both these territories are also claimed by India, so are not counted; and 2 How US calculates its own surface area. Deciduous vegetation and grasslands prevail in the east, transitioning to prairiesboreal forestsand the Rockies in the west, and deserts in the southwest.
In the northeast, the coasts of the Great Lakes and Atlantic seaboard host much of the country's population. A satellite composite image of the state of Hawaii. Volcanoes prevail on the Big Island. The islands have rugged coastlines, sandy beaches and a tropical environment, although temperatures and humidity tend to be less extreme because of near-constant trade winds from the east.
The United States shares land borders with Canada to the north and Mexico to the southand a territorial water border with Russia in the northwest, and two territorial water borders in the southeast between Florida and Cuba, and Florida and the Bahamas.
The contiguous forty-eight states are otherwise bounded by the Pacific Ocean on the west, the Atlantic Ocean on the east, and the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast. Alaska borders the Pacific Ocean to the south and southwest, the Bering Strait to the west, and the Arctic Ocean to the north, while Hawaii lies far to the southwest of the mainland in the Pacific Ocean.
Forty-eight of the states are in the single region between Canada and Mexico; this group is referred to, with varying precision and formality, as the continental or contiguous United Statesand as the Lower Alaska, which is not included in the term contiguous United States, is at the northwestern end of North Americaseparated from the Lower 48 by Canada.
The capital city, Washington, District of Columbiais a federal district located on land donated by the state of Maryland. Virginia had also donated land, but it was returned in The United States also has overseas territories with varying levels of independence and organization: Virgin Islands, and in the Pacific the inhabited territories of Guam, American Samoa, and the Northern Mariana Islands, along with a number of uninhabited island territories.
The eastern United States has a varied topography.
Areas further inland feature rolling hills, mountains, and a diverse collection of temperate and subtropical moist and wet forests. The Appalachian Mountains form a line of low mountains separating the eastern seaboard from the Great Lakes and the Mississippi Basin.
The five Great Lakes are located in the north-central portion of the country, four of them forming part of the border with Canadaonly Lake Michigan situated entirely within United States. The southeast United States, generally stretching from the Ohio River on south, includes a variety of warm temperate and subtropical moist and wet forests, as well as warm temperate and subtropical dry forests nearer the Great Plains in the west of the region.
West of the Appalachians lies the lush Mississippi River basin and two large eastern tributaries, the Ohio River and the Tennessee River.Geography of The United States; the United States is the world's third largest country, after Russia and China, with Canada in fourth.
just mi or km west-northwest of the lowest point in North America at the Badwater Basin in Death Valley National Park at ft or 85 m below sea level.
North America’s multicultural history is another defining feature of the continent’s human geography. Immigrant s have sought opportunities, particularly in the United States and Canada, for . Canada is the world's second largest country by area but its population, at slightly less than that of the state of California, is small by comparison.
Canada's largest cities are Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Ottawa, and Calgary. Even with its small population, Canada plays a large role in the. North America: Geographical treatment of North America, including maps and statistics as well as a survey of its geologic history, land, people, and economy.
It occupies the northern portion of the ‘New World.’ North America is bounded on the north by the Arctic Ocean, This article treats the physical and human geography of North. North America Geography Notes. Two of North America's most interesting geographical features are the Great Plains and the Mississippi River System; both impressive in so many ways.
Great Plains: The Great Plains of North America slope east from the Rockies and extend to the edge of the Canadian Shield and the western edges of the Appalachians. The land is generally smooth with large treeless .
Maps of every country in North America. Click on a country for a more detailed map, or try our map index. Country: North America.