Social Analysis is an international peer-reviewed journal devoted to exploring the analytical potentials of anthropological research. It encourages contributions grounded in original empirical research that critically probe established paradigms of social and cultural analysis.
Timeout for Child Policy Family life in the United States has changed dramatically in the past few decades. More parents with infants and preschool-aged children are working than ever before, and more young children are being cared for by adults other than their parents.
Yet, when important scientific advances from almost 50 years of research could be used to develop better policies and practices regarding children and families, such knowledge is frequently dismissed or ignored, according to two recent reports from the National Academies.
The nation should re-examine policies that affect young children and bolster its investments in their well-being, says a committee of the National Research Council and Institute of Medicine in its report From Neurons to Neighborhoods: The Science of Early Childhood Development.
The president should establish a task force to review the entire portfolio of public investments in child care and early childhood education. Federal policy-makers should recognize the importance of strong early bonds by expanding coverage of the Family and Medical Leave Act to all working parents, the committee says.
Policy-makers also should extend the amount of time that welfare recipients with infant children are excused from work, and explore ways to financially support low-income parents who take family leave, since even a temporary loss of earnings can be a hardship.
For example, scientific evidence shows that even very young children are capable of experiencing deep anguish and grief in response to trauma, loss, and personal rejection, the report says. But many early childhood education and child-care programs have failed to put such findings to use.
Additionally, society ought to place greater value on those who care for children when their parents are not available, the report says. Major sources of funding for child care and early education should set aside money to support initiatives aimed at increasing the skills, pay, and benefits of child-care professionals.
In fact, children age two to five who attend well-planned, high-quality preschool programs tend to learn more and are better prepared to successfully master the complex demands of formal schooling, says another Research Council committee in its report Eager to Learn: Young children who live in poverty, whose mothers have little or no formal education, or who live in other circumstances that place them at greater risk of failure in school are much more likely to succeed if they attend good preschools, the committee says.
The federal government should fund quality preschool programs for all children who are at such risk. Promoting excellence in education for all children calls for a major investment in the training of those who work with young children.
Achieving this goal will require substantial public and private support and incentives, such as scholarships and loan programs, and compensation commensurate with the expectations of college graduates.
While no single curriculum or educational approach can be identified as best, the most successful programs specify goals and integrate a broad range of subjects -- such as mathematics, science, and reading. State agencies and the U.
All states should develop standards for early childhood programs, such as class size and teacher-student ratios; guidelines for how schools should interact with parents and caretakers; specific teaching goals, content, and methods; and assessments for teacher improvement.
These standards should recognize the variability in how young children develop. And states also should establish clearly defined job descriptions for early childhood teachers -- which at a minimum would include teaching assistants, teachers, and supervisors -- with differentiated pay levels.
Department of Health and Human Services, U. Eager to Learn was funded by the U. Enhancing Education for Those Who Teach International comparisons in science and mathematics achievement have shown U. This achievement gap has become a serious rallying point for parents, educators, and policy-makers.
As a result, education initiatives often focus on improving student performance. New Practices for the New Millennium. School districts and institutions of higher learning should join forces to establish a system that offers a rigorous and comprehensive education for both current and prospective teachers of K science, mathematics, and technology.
Teacher education in these subjects needs to become a career-long process that should stress continuous intellectual and professional growth. To that end, partnerships among school districts, community colleges, and four-year colleges or universities should be established to foster a greater sense of professionalism among K teachers, the committee recommends.
For example, an integrated academic-advising network could be created to encourage more high school and college students to consider careers in science or mathematics education.
University-based scientists and mathematicians could use partnerships as an opportunity to help K teachers master the same tools used to enhance teaching and learning in university classrooms. And experienced teachers who participate in these programs could provide mentoring and professional guidance to their less-experienced colleagues.
Another concern is the growing challenge school districts face in recruiting and retaining qualified teachers for these subjects.
Federal, state, and local governments should offer financial incentives such as low-interest student loans and extra pay to attract teachers, the committee says. In addition, each member of these educational partnerships should create line items in their institutional budgets specifically for a shared fund dedicated to these partnerships.
Moreover, administrators in higher education and school superintendents should consider pooling money that they now spend to support individual teacher-education programs, to make the most of training dollars.Reproduction in Education, Society and Culture was nominated a 'citation classic' by the Institute for Scientific Information Social Science Citation Index in It is essential reading for students of sociology, education, social theory and cultural studies.3/5(1).
Problems in Education and Society, Free Study Guides and book notes including comprehensive chapter analysis, complete summary analysis, author biography information, character profiles, theme analysis, metaphor analysis, and top ten quotes on classic literature.
This special issue of Social Education focuses on schools as the primary gateway for absorbing newcomers into United States society, and explores new ideas for empowering immigrants that challenge the traditional model of assimilation.
Social Problems Paper Masters shows you how to write a research paper on any social problem subject using the topics you see on this web site. The Reflective Paper should demonstrate understanding of the reading assignments as well as the implications of new knowledge.
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More and more. Sociological issues are issues that a large part of society feel are wrong or problematic. Examples include issues that everyone view as a problem, like murder, and .