Henry Kempe conducted a survey of eighty-eight hospitals in which he identified children who had been "battered. Specifically, it led to calls for child abuse reporting systems, to ensure that whenever a "battered child" was even suspected, the case would be reported and measures taken to protect the child. By all fifty states had passed legislation regulating child abuse, all of which mandated reporting. Byevery state but one required reporting of neglect, and forty-one states made explicit reference to reporting of emotional or psychological abuse.
Economic issues must also be considered in evaluating long-term treatment costs and loss of earnings associated with the consequences of child victimization.
One analysis cited by the General Accounting Office that used prevalence and treatment rates generated from multiple studies Daro, calculated potential fiscal costs resulting from child abuse estimates as follows: Research on child maltreatment can provide empirical evidence to improve the quality of many legal and organizational decisions that have broad-based social implications.
Government officials, judges, legislators, social service personnel, child welfare advocates, and others make hundreds of crucial decisions each day about the lives and futures of child victims and their offenders.
These decisions include the selection of cases of suspected child abuse and neglect for investigation and determinations about which children should remain with families in which abuse has occurred.
Individuals making such decisions will benefit from informed guidance Child abuse introduction the effectiveness and consequences of various social interventions that address child maltreatment.
Such guidance can evolve from research on the outcomes of alternative responses to reports of child abuse and neglect, results of therapeutic and social service interventions, and cost-effectiveness studies. For example, research that describes the conditions under which family counseling and family preservation efforts are effective has tremendous implications for the importance of attachment relationships for children and the disruption of these relationships brought on by foster care.
Research On Child Maltreatment Is Currently Undervalued And Undeveloped Research in the field of child maltreatment studies is relatively undeveloped when compared with related fields such as child development, so- Page 41 Share Cite Suggested Citation: Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect.
The National Academies Press. Although no specific theory about the causes of child abuse and neglect has been substantially replicated across studies, significant progress has been gained in the past few decades in identifying the dimensions of complex phenomena that contribute to the origins of child maltreatment.
Efforts to improve the quality of research on any group of children are dependent on the value that society assigns to the potential inherent in young lives. Efforts to encourage greater investments in research on children will be futile unless broader structural and social issues can be addressed within our society.
Research on general problems of violence, substance addiction, social inequality, unemployment, poor education, and the treatment of children in the social services system is incomplete without attention to child maltreatment issues.
Research on child maltreatment can play a key role in informing major social policy decisions concerning the services that should be made available to children, especially children in families or neighborhoods that experience significant stress and violence.
As a nation, we already have developed laws and regulatory approaches to reduce and prevent childhood injuries and deaths through actions such as restricting hot water temperatures and requiring mandatory child restraints in automobiles. Not only has our society invested relatively little in research on children, but we also have invested even less in research on children whose families are characterized by multiple problems, such as poverty, substance abuse, violence, welfare dependency, and child maltreatment.
In part, this slower development is influenced by the complexities of research on major social problems. But the state of research on this topic could be advanced more rapidly with increased investment of funds.
Factors such as racism, ethnic discrimination, sexism, class bias, institutional and professional jealousies, and social inequities influence the development of our national research agenda Bell,Huston, The evolving research agenda has also struggled with limitations im- Page 42 Share Cite Suggested Citation: The roles of culture, ethnic values, and economic factors pervade the development of parenting practices and family dynamics.
In setting a research agenda for this field, ethnic diversity and multiple cultural perspectives are essential to improve the quality of the research program and to overcome systematic biases that have restricted its development. Researchers must address ethical and legal issues that present unique obligations and dilemmas regarding selection of subjects, provision of services, and disclosure of data.
For example, researchers who discover an undetected incident of child abuse in the course of an interview are required by state laws to disclose the identities of the victim and offender sif known, to appropriate child welfare officials.
These mandatory reporting requirements, adopted in the interests of protecting children, may actually cause long-term damage to children by restricting the scope of research studies and discouraging scientists from developing the knowledge base necessary to guide social interventions.An Introduction to Child Abuse by Duncan Lindsey The Discovery of Child Abuse.
In , C. Henry Kempe conducted a survey of eighty-eight hospitals in which he identified children who had been "battered.". Child abuse and neglect is a difficult subject to think about, but it is one that all managers and program leaders must be prepared to address. This lesson will introduce you to the concepts of familial and institutional child abuse and neglect.
You will learn about your legal and ethical obligation to report suspicions of abuse and neglect.
What is child abuse? Child abuse is broadly defined in many states as any type of cruelty inflicted upon a child, including mental abuse, physical harm, neglect, and sexual abuse or exploitation. Federal legislation lays the groundwork for states by identifying a minimum set of acts or behaviors that define child abuse and neglect.
Child abuse and neglect is a difficult subject to think about, but it is one that all managers and program leaders must be prepared to address.
An Introduction to Child Abuse by Duncan Lindsey The Discovery of Child Abuse. In , C.
Henry Kempe conducted a survey of eighty-eight hospitals in which . Sep 21, · Child Abuse and Neglect Child abuse, or child maltreatment, is an act by a parent or caretaker that results in or allows the child to be subjected .