Epistemic circularity an essay on the problem of meta-justification

One reaction by philosophers to this state of things is to doubt whether the truth about philosophy can ever be known, or whether there is any such thing as the truth about philosophy. But there is another reaction: He explained, "Imagine that education were not delivered but organized and managed in a way that were fully digitized, decentralized, self-directed, asynchronous, and at-a-distance.

Epistemic circularity an essay on the problem of meta-justification

Dissertation, The Ohio State University Abstract Epistemic circularity is, roughly stated, a property of an argument such that its conclusion must be true if one may be said to have a justified belief in its premises.

An example is an argument for the general reliability of sense-perception that makes use of sensory beliefs among its premises; as William Alston has pointed out, epistemic circularity poses a difficult problem for defending the reliability of sense-perception.

It is also a key element in for a related meta-epistemological problem, dubbed here The Problem of Meta-Justification. First we pose a question: The difficulty can be neatly stated in the form of a Meta-Regress Argument similar to the classic regress argument for foundationalism.

The options offered by the Meta-Regress Argument are: But no one has adequately argued that epistemic, circularity is indeed virtuous, and several arguments can be deployed showing it to be vicious.

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Meta-coherentists, drawing on insights related to the Method of Reflective Equilibrium, might try to find ways to mitigate the viciousness; but their attempts fail. Varieties of particularism and methodism, two positions on the Problem of the Criterion, might also be offered as a way to escape epistemic circularity; but these views too fall prey to serious objections.

It is possible, however, that there are some beliefs that are epistemically rational but nonjustified. Such beliefs can support justification standards without themselves being justified.

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In this way, meta-skepticism can be avoided. This solution to the Problem of Meta-Justification is developed in Chapter 4 in a way that owes a heavy debt to the epistemology of the great Scots philosopher, Thomas Reid Keywords No keywords specified fix it Categories.Epistemic circularity is, roughly stated, a property of an argument such that its conclusion must be true if one may be said to have a justified belief in its premises.

Epistemic circularity an essay on the problem of meta-justification

An example is an argument for the general reliability of sense-perception that makes use of sensory beliefs among its premises; as. He then earned his Ph.D. from the same university in with the dissertation ‘Epistemic Circularity: An Essay on the Problem of Meta-Justification’.

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In , Sanger wrote an essay for the Edge stating in part: That was a real problem, and Jimmy Wales absolutely refused to do anything about it." Wales responded by stating, Epistemic Circularity: An Essay on the Problem of Meta-Justification – doctoral thesis. EPISTEMIC CIRCULARITY: AN ESSAY ON THE PROBLEM.

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OF META-JUSTIFICATION. DISSERTATION. As the text itself should make tolerably clear, the specific details of the solution to the Meta-Justification Problem that I propose in Chapter 4 are tentative at best, and probably some fairly dramatic revision thereof is closer to the truth.

Find Enlightenment. Table of Contents; Preamble and Introduction; Chapter 1; Chapter 2; Chapter 3; Chapter 4; Notes.

enlightenment: Epistemic Circularity