Psychological explanations of anorexia nervosa essay

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Psychological explanations of anorexia nervosa essay

Sufferers of AN will get anxiety and have an excessive fear of being fat and putting on weight. They have body image distortion and see themselves as fat, rather than their real image, which is bad for their self esteem and extends their disorder.

Adolescents with low self-esteem- particularly females- are largely influenced by this and compare themselves to the images of models and celebrities Jones and Buckingham This is supported by Becker who studied teenage girls from Fiji and found that after the introduction of T.

Not only does it show media effects, but it shows it is applicable to other cultures who are usually less exposed to media. However it has been found that giving people awareness and instructional intervention before they are exposed to media, will prevent the effects of media such as anorexia Yamamiya et al This means that media is a cause of anorexia, but it can be prevented.

Since the realisation that media effects peoples eating behavior in a negative fashion, changes have been made.

The fashion industry in France has started promoting a diversity of body sizes in their models, and have signed a charter of goodwill. This shows that the effects of anorexia are being noticed and action is being taken to reverse it.

Other cultures do not place as much value on the thinness of women. Large body sizes are considered to show fertility, nurturance and attractiveness in non-westernised cultures Pollack It is thought that anorexia nervosa is much less common in black populations than in white westernised populations.

Grabe and Hyde carried out a meta-analysis on 98 studies and found African-American women reported less body-dissatisfaction than Caucasian and Hispanic women, supporting that there is a difference in ethnicity and eating behavior.

However in contrast to this, Cachelin and Regan found no differences in eating behavior between African-American and Caucasian women. Bruch claimed that anorexia depends on our upbringing in childhood. This would lead to the child being confused about their internal state and they would rely heavily on their parents.

When they reach adolescents, they want a sense of autonomy, so they take control of their eating habits, and starve themselves to be in control of their own body.

Personality traits of a certain kind are thought to be associated with AN and perfectionism is one example.

Psychological explanations of anorexia nervosa essay

Nilsson et al showed further support when he found high perfectionism levels were more common in longer AN illnesses, and lower levels of perfectionism were linked with shorter AN illnesses. This proves that the two factors have a correlation.

Halmi et al did a larger study, looking at women across Europe and the US with a history of anorexia. It highlighted that AN sufferers got a lot higher scores on the multidimensional perfectionism scale, than healthy women.

He also found the same as Nilsson, that the severity of the perfectionism correlates with the severity of the AN. In further addition, the study implied that anorexia has genetic connections, as perfectionism is a character that runs in the family.

There are issues with the methodology in the studies that look at the personality traits. It is difficult to distinguish between short-term traits that have come about by starvation, to long term traits that were there without the AN.

This issue makes it difficult to see if one is a cause of the other, and makes the studies slightly less reliable. Another approach that could be taken is the behavioral approach, which looks at conditioning and social learning theory.

The social learning theory suggests that we are reinforced by others approval of weight loss in the earlier stages of AN, so we carry on loosing more weight.Outline and evaluate one psychological explanation and one biological explanation of one eating disorder. (8 marks + 16 marks) Anorexia is an eating disorder of abnormal weight loss dropping below 85% of what was previously considered normal.

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Psychological explanations of anorexia nervosa essay

In the Lords moved into the building of the Court of Requests. Psychological explanations of Anorexia Nervosa Essay One psychological explanation of anorexia nervosa is the behavioural approach. This approach explains that anorexia nervosa (AN) is learnt through both classical and .

Feb 05,  · Psychological Explanations for Anorexia Nervosa Anorexia Nervosa has been explained by the effects of social cultural factors, which include cultural ideals and the media.

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Different cultures have different ideals of attractiveness which can lead to different social pressures. Read this essay on Psychological and Biological Explanations of Anorexia Nervosa.

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