You have asked me, Lucilius, why, if a Providence rules the world, it still happens that many evils befall good men. This would be more fittingly answered in a coherent work designed to prove that a Providence does preside over the universe, and that God concerns himself with us. But since it is your wish that a part be severed from the whole, and that I refute a single objection while the main question is left untouched, I shall do so; the task is not difficult, - I shall be pleading the cause of the gods. Even the phenomena which seem irregular and undetermined - I mean showers and clouds, the stroke of crashing thunderbolts and the fires that belch from the riven peaks of mountains, tremors of the quaking ground, and the other disturbances which the turbulent element in nature sets in motion about the earth, these, no matter how suddenly they occur, do not happen without a reason; nay, they also are the result of special eauses, and so, in like manner, are those things which seem miraculous by reason of the incongruous situations in which they are beheld, such as warm waters in the midst of the sea- waves,and the expanses of new islands that spring up in the wide ocean.
History[ edit ] The area along the Arkansas River had been inhabited for thousands of years by indigenous peoples of various cultures. They used the river for transportation as did European settlers after them, and for fishing.
By the time of encounter with Europeans, the historical Quapaw were the chief people in the area, having migrated from the Ohio River valley centuries before. In Thomas Phillips claimed a half section of land where Pine Bluff is located. Jefferson County was established by the Territorial Legislature on November 2, and began functioning as a county April 19, At the August 13, county election, the pine bluff settlement was chosen as the county seat.
At the time, the village had about 50 residents. Improved transportation aided in the growth of Pine Bluff during the s and s. With its proximity to the Arkansas River, the small town served as a port for travel and shipping.
Steamships provided the primary mode of transport, arriving from downriver ports such as New Orleans. They included the legendary Black Seminole leader John Horsewho arrived in the city via the steamboat Swan in This Running for treasurer essay cultivated on large plantations by hundreds and thousands of enslaved Africans throughout the state, but especially in the Delta.
The city had one of the largest slave populations in the state by and Jefferson County, Arkansas was second in cotton production in the state.
Marmaduke tried to expel the Union Army in the Battle of Pine Bluff October 25,but was repulsed by a combined effort of soldiers and freedmen former slaves freed by the Emancipation Proclamation. It was dispatched to guard Pine Bluff and was eventually mustered out there.
The Union forces set up a contraband camp there to house the runaway slaves and refugees behind Confederate lines. Both adults and children eagerly started learning. By SeptemberProfessor Joseph C.
Pine Bluff and the region suffered lasting effects from defeat, the aftermath of war, and the trauma of slavery and exploitation. Recovery was slow at first. Construction of railroads improved access to markets, and with increased production of cotton as more plantations were reactivated, the economy began to recover.
The first railroad reached Pine Bluff in December As personal fortunes increased from the s onward, community leaders constructed large Victorian -style homes west of Main Street.
Meanwhile, the Reconstruction era of the s brought a stark mix of progress and challenge for African Americans. Most blacks joined the Republican Party, and several were elected in Pine Bluff to county offices and the state legislature for the first time in history.
Several black-owned businesses were also opened, including banks, bars, barbershops, and other establishments. But in postwar violence inan altercation with whites ensued at a refugee camp, and 24 black men, women and children were found hanging from trees in one of the worst mass lynchings in U.
The angry mob eventually forced over his custody from an Officer adamantly attempting to deliver the suspect to the jail house, then the crowd watched enthusiastically as he was hung and riddled with bullets.
The Election Law of had already made voting more difficult and also caused voter rolls to decrease. With the Democratic Party consolidating its power in what became a one-party state,  the atmosphere was grim toward the end of the 19th century for many African Americans.
Democrats imposed legal segregation and other Jim Crow laws. The majority of these emigrants came from the black-majority Jefferson, St. Francis, Pulaski, Pope, and Conway counties.
The first telephone system was placed in service March 31, We are always adding new performances to this list, so please check back soon for updates! The Puerto Rican Festival Incorporated sponsors a variety of events, which serve to share and celebrate Puerto Rican culture.
The largest event is the Puerto Rican Festival, the longest running cultural festival in the County of Monroe.
The festival is an annual three-day event, which averages a daily attendance of thousands people of all cultures and ethnic backgrounds. Event. Date. Global Population Statistics. The Spanish “Reconquest” of the Iberian peninsula ends in January with the conquest of Granada, the last city held by the Moors.
Aristotle: Politics. In his Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle ( B.C.E.) describes the happy life intended for man by nature as one lived in accordance with virtue, and, in his Politics, he describes the role that politics and the political community must play in bringing about the virtuous life in the citizenry.
The Politics also provides analysis of the kinds of political community that. Posted: June 29, Coffin Corner Vol. 40, No.
3 Download: Members Only PFRA-ternizing. An announcement on the release of The Baltimore Colts, the second book in the Great Teams in Professional Football series, and a final update on the PFRA Convention in Buffalo. I’ve had this thought in my head for a while now.
I’ve been thinking that I can’t afford for my wife to be a Stay-At-Home Mom. Now, I don’t at .