Decide on a topic It will help you considerably if your topic for your literature review is the one on which you intend to do your final M. However, you may pick any scholarly topic. Identify the literature that you will review: Familiarize yourself with online databases see UMD library resource links below for help with thisidentifying relevant databases in your field of study.
Although you should use these citation formats in this and other biology courses, specific formats vary considerably for individual journals.
If you are trying to publish a paper in a specific journal, you will be required to follow the format of that journal. That system will not be presented here, but you should expect to encounter it in your reading of the literature. A complete listing of citation formats for published materials may be found in Huth et al Citing References in the Body Intro and Discussion of the Paper Throughout the body of your paper primarily the Intro and Discussionwhenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must cite the sources from which you drew information.
The simplest way to do this is to parenthetically give the author's last name and the year of publication, e. Provide a reference to the work as soon as possible after giving the information.
Top of Page Standard Text Citation Formats There are exceptions among the various journals, but generally, in biological journals, the most frequent types of citations are shown in the following examples in red: Click and Clack demonstrated that mice treated with synthetic estrogen analogs react similarly.
The reduction in phase three courtship behavior may also be linked to nutritional status Anon. Typically, only the last name of the author s and the year of publication are given,e. Your Literature Cited section will contain the complete reference, and the reader can look it up there.
Notice that the reference to the book has a page number Gumwad This is to facilitate a reader's finding the reference in a long publication such as a book not done for journal articles.
The paper by Bugjuice is short, and if readers want to find the referenced information, they would not have as much trouble. For two author papers, give both authors' last names e.
Articles with more than two authors are cited by the first authors last name followed "and others" or "et al. When a book, paper, or article has no identifiable author, cite it as Anon.
If you want reference a paper found in another article, do so as follows: Driblickin Oobleck A string of citations should be separated by semicolons, e. Finally, you should note the placement of the period AFTER the parenthetical citation - the citation, too, is part of a sentence,e.
Theses and dissertatons should be cited as follows: A study of hormonal regulation of body temperature and consequences for reproductive success in the common house mouse Mus musculus in Nome, Alaska.
Masters Thesis, University of Alaska, Anchorage. WWW citation should be done with caution since so much is posted without peer review. When necessary, report the complete URL in the text including the site author's name: Ohio State University Library has a good webpage for citing web sources:The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from around the world and the Purdue University in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.
For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of write "Review of the book" and give the title of the reviewed work. Provide the web address after the words. The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from around the world and the Purdue University Writing Lab helps writers on Purdue's campus.
Loading. Find Info For. Find Info For In-Text Citations: The Basics; In-Text Citations: Author/Authors; Social Work Literature Review Guidelines; Writing in Psychology: Experimental. To cite an essay is probably the most difficult thing from the point of view of style: all these periods, commas, different fonts can scare any talented student, even if the essay is well-written.
But do not worry: we picked out the basic rules and described difference between such common styles as MLA and APA. Guidelines for using IN-TEXT CITATIONS in a SUMMARY (or RESEARCH PAPER) Christine Bauer-Ramazani.
The purpose of a summary is to give the reader, in a about 1/3 of the original length of an article/lecture, a clear, objective picture of . How to Write a News Article.
In this Article: Article Summary Sample Articles Planning Your Article Writing Your News Article Proofing Your Article Community Q&A Writing a news article is different from writing other articles or informative pieces because news articles present information in a .
The body of your review varies according to the type of article and your instructor's requirements. You may have to include the intended audience, the research question, methodology, results, implications and your own assessment of how it .